Backward effects of left-sided heart failure include:
A. Pulmonary congestion
B. Jugular vein distention
C. Dependent edema in the legs
D. Bounding pulses
In performing a physical assessment, the nurse notes the patient has a “barrel” configuration to the chest. This is a consequence of:
A. Reduced intrapleural pressures
B. Bronchial airway expansion
C. Increased vital capacity
D. Increased residual lung volume
Ausculation of the chest reveals bilateral fine crackles in the bases bilaterally, indicating:
A. Right-sided heart failure
B. Left-sided heart failure
D. Acute respiratory distress syndrome
The signs and symptoms of anemia are all related to what common pathophysiologic feature of the condition?
A. Increased oxygen consumption by tissues
B. Decreased blood oxygen content
D. A shift in the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve
In addition to hypertension, preeclampsia is characterized by:
A. Nausea and vomiting
B. Fatigue and lower back pain
C. Protein in the urine and edema
D. Retinal changes and rates in the lungs
Common manifestations of bacterial pneumonia include all of the following except:
B. Productive Cough
Closed drainage systems work to re-expand a lung after pneumothorax by:
A. Re-establishing the normal negative intrapleural pressure.
B. Creating a positive pressure in the pleural space
C. Removing excess fluid from the pleural space so that there is room for lung expansion.
D. Pulling oxygen into distal air sacs to re-expand lung tissue
Patients with chronic renal failure usually exhibit:
The diet of a patient in end-stage kidney disease is restricted in all of the following except:
Which of the following is true of the biological functions of progesterone?
A. Progesterone is the most important hormone associated with pregnancy.
B. Progesterone directs male sexual characteristics.
C. Levels of progesterone increases if the egg is not fertilized.
D. Levels of progesterone remain stable if the egg is not fertilized.
Which of the following is true of the biological functions of testosterone?
A. Testosterone is not secreted by the ovaries.
B. Testosterone is needed for development of female secondary sexual characteristics.
C. Testosterone stimulates ovulation.
D. Testosterone is needed for development of male secondary sexual characteristics.
Which of the following is true of the biological functions of estrone?
A. Estrone is required for proper development of male secondary sexual characteristics.
B. Level of estrogen degreases if the egg is not fertilized.
C. Estrone is required for proper development of female secondary sexual
D. Estrone affects only the reproductive organs.
What is the function of hemoglobin?
A. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that is responsible for carrying oxygen to the cells of the body.
B. Hemoglobin is a lipid in red blood cells that is responsible for carrying oxygen to the cells of the body.
C. Hemoglobin is a protein in white blood cells that is responsible for carrying oxygen to the cells of the body.
D. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that is not responsible for carrying carbon dioxide to the cells of the body.
Why is heat an effective means of sterilization?
A. Heat is an effective means of sterilization because it destroys the proteins of microbial life forms, including fungi, bacteria, and viruses.
B. Heat is an effective means of sterilization because it destroys the proteins of anaerobic microbial life forms, including fungi, bacteria, and viruses.
C. Heat is an effective means of sterilization because it destroys the lipids of microbial life forms, including fungi, bacteria, and viruses.
D. Both (B) and (C).
List the enzymes whose levels are elevated in the blood serum following an MI.
A. CPK, LDH, AST, and SGOT
B. LDH, AST, and SGOT
C. CRE, AST, and ALT
D. None of the above
What is the physiological function of gluconeogenesis?
A. Gluconeogenesis is production of glucose from noncarbohydrate molecules in times when blood glucose levels are low. This ensures proper function of brain and red blood cells, which only use glucose as fuel.
B. Gluconeogenesis is production of glucose from noncarbohydrate molecules in times when blood glucose levels are high. This ensures proper function of brain and white blood cells, which only use glucose as fuel.
C. Gluconeogenesis is production of glucose from carbohydrate molecules in times when blood glucose levels are low. This ensures proper function of brain and red blood cells, which only use glucose as fuel.
D. None of the above
What effect does glycogen metabolism have on glucose levels?
A. Glycogen metabolism traps glucose within liver cells and increases storage of glucose in the form of glycogen. These processes decrease blood glucose levels.
B. Glycogen metabolism traps glucose within liver cells and increases storage of glucose in the form of glycogen. These processes increase blood glucose levels.
C. Glycogen metabolism releases glucose within liver cells and increases storage of glucose in the form of glycogen. These processes decrease blood glucose levels.
D. None of the above
Carbon monoxide binds tightly to the heme groups of hemoglobin and myoglobin. How does this affinity reflect the toxicity of carbon monoxide?
A. Since carbon monoxide binds the heme groups of hemoglobin, it is easily removed or replaced by oxygen. As a result, the effects of oxygen enhancement result in what divers call the “bends.”
B. Because carbon monoxide binds the heme groups of hemoglobin, it is easily removed or replaced by oxygen. As a result, the effects of oxygen deprivation result in suffocation.
C. Because carbon monoxide binds tightly to the heme groups of hemoglobin, it is not easily removed or replaced by oxygen. As a result, the effects of oxygen deprivation result in suffocation.
D. None of the above
Which of the following may be a reason to order an ABG on a patient?
A. The patient suddenly develops shortness of breath
B. An asthmatic is starting to show signs of tiring
C. A diabetic has developed Kussmaul’s respirations
D. All of the above
How do sulfa drugs selectively kill bacteria while causing no harm to humans?
A. Folic acid is a vitamin required for the synthesis of a coenzyme needed to make the amino acid methionine and the purine and pyrimidine nitrogenious bases for DNA and RNA and folic acid is produced by humans.
B. Sulfa drug binds to the enzyme, no product is formed, folic acid is made and the biosynthesis of methionine and nitrogenous bases increases.
C. Humans are not harmed because they do not synthesize their own folic acid. It is obtained in the diet.
D. None of the above
What occurs when glycogen metabolism is stimulated by insulin?
A. Insulin stimulates glycogen synthase, the first enzyme in glycogen synthesis.
B. Insulin stimulates glycogen synthase, the first enzyme in glycogen synthesis. It also stimulates removal of glucose from the bloodstream into cells and phosphorylation of glucose by the enzyme glucokinase.
C. Insulin stimulates glycogen synthase, the first enzyme in glycogen synthesis. It also stimulates uptake of glucose from the bloodstream into cells and phosphorylation of glucose by the enzyme glucokinase.
D. All of the above
What is the medical application of cortisone? Cortisone is used to treat:
A. Rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, gastrointestinal disorders, and a variety of skin conditions.
B. Kidney disease, high blood pressure, and osteoporosis.
C. Muscle disorders, tuberculosis, and thyroid disorder.
D. All of the above
Oxygen saturation is likely to be lowest when an asthmatic with a diagnosis of pneumonia is positioned:
A. In a high Fowler position
B. Lying on the left side
C. Lying on the right side
D. Lying supine with the head of the bed flat
Laboratory test results indicative of thrombocytopenia, in addition to a low platelet count, would be:
A. Increased PT
B. Prolonged bleeding time and poor clot retraction.
C. Increased aPTT
D. Decreased RBC count.
The purposes of epinephrine injection include all of the following except:
A. Stabilizing mast cell membranes.
B. Relaxing bronchial smooth muscle.
C. Supporting arterial blood pressure.
D. Blocking histamine receptors.
Therapeutic interventions focused on increasing the oxygen supplied to the heart and decreasing the heart’s demand for oxygen include:
A. Antiplatelet drugs
C. Morphine sulphate
D. Thrombolytic drugs
An intervention that would contribute toward the healing of a peptic ulcer is:
A. Steroid administration
B. Blocking or neutralizing of acid secretion
C. Surgical removal of the ulcer
D. Intravenous nutritional support
Aspirin and NSAIDs are causative factors for the development of peptic ulcer disease because they:
A. Increase acid secretion
B. Allow proliferation of H. pylori
C. Damage the mucosal barrier
D. Alter platelet aggregation
Your patient is interested in trying medication to improve low mood/depression. All of the following medications might be appropriate except:
A. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
C. Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
Custom Writings Help is a Quality-Oriented Company in Online Writing as a result of hiring exceptional professionals to execute clients' tasks.
At Custom Writings Help,We understand the struggle of research paper writing, and that is why at Custom WritingS Help, we are all out to help you. We pride ourselves on having a team of clinical writers. The stringent and rigorous vetting process ensures that only the 'BEST' Writers are chosen for the job. We have highly qualified Ph.D. and MA writers working with us; we equally offer these experienced writers specific bonuses and incentives to make them deliver highly original, unique, and informative content at reasonably low prices.
Thesis Writing Service
Worlwide, Many Masters Students are struggling with Thesis Completion. A thesis is likely to be the longest and most challenging piece of work a student has ever completed. However, unlike essays and other assignments, a student can pick a particular interest topic and work on their initiative. Fortunately, we are there for you. At Custom Writings Help, you are assured of an authentic, imaginative, informative, linguistically great, and advantageous thesis that adheres to all your needs. So, why continue considering different writers when you have discovered the best in the field?
Not a single student can avoid writing custom papers. However, a total lack of experience, skills, and time makes it very hard to produce a superb writing piece. Therefore, if you are seeking professional help, turn to us. Our specialized and experienced writers compose a variety of model papers, including custom essays, college term papers, research papers, book reports, MBA essays, executive summaries, dissertations, Ph.D. theses, admission essays, and research proposals for college and university students at any level.
Most of the students disregard the critical principles of essay writing and compose papers below sensible guidelines. Therefore, with Custom Writings Help, one should not worry about his/her essay. Our Writers compose informative and engaging content on all complexities and topics. We write meaningful and smart essays while prioritizing all aspects that bring about a good grade, such as impeccable grammar, proper structure, zero-plagiarism, and conformance to guidelines.
Coourse Work Writing
Don't let the seemingly never-ending onslaught of writing assignments get you down. If you are looking where to get course work assistance online, the writers at Custom Writings Help are here to assist you with all of your writing needs. We undertake to unique delivery of papers that meet the professor's requirements. The content is proofread, edited, and checked plagiarism before submission to customers. No matter how big or small your work is, we will deliver on time. Try US Now! !
Dissertation Writing Service
High-Quality Dissertation Writing Services are rare. They require Ph.D. academicians – not easily found. However, are an exception. The years, time, and resources we have invested in the dissertation world has given us a competitive advantage over others. Choose to come to Custom Writings Help; You will find perfect Ph.D. consultants who have written hundreds of dissertations theses ready to help you. Let our dissertation-writing services help you craft your dissertation, for you are assured we will give you the results.