The ethics of consent in research with vulnerable populations



Point 1 :Different interpretation on the term “vulnerable”, can be an grey are for researcher to identify the potential participant. (from Reading: The concept of ‘vulnerability’ in research ethics: an in-depth analysis of policies and guidelines )

In the field of scientific research, research on vulnerable is considered to be a fundamental ethical issue. Despite various study has been done on the term vulnerability , the concept of itself  is still being describes as “vague”(1).  …….  Claim that most of the policies and guidelines only cover the concept of vulnerability but without clearly define it. Thus, researchers can only reply on implicit cognition about the nature of vulnerability, and further provide support.

Point 2 :Can “The Mental Capacity Act” identify all the weak population without the  capacity to consent (The UK Mental Capacity Act and consent to research participation: asking the right question)


Point 3: Question the existence of REC is sufficient to protect the right of weak population who without the capacity to consent ( Can the third party enough to protect them/ utilize the figure 4 to illustrate the concept of REC – from the reading: How ethical is ethical research? Recruiting marginalized, vulnerable groups into health services research)






Point 4: Possible harm that a participant might receive in a study (e.g. three types of harm: traditional ethics issues, ethics in action and indirect harm)

It is widely acknowledged that vulnerable population require special care on them. However, Hollands, Williams and Forrester (2014) states that it would be unfit to apply monotonous approach  in accordance with the international approved guidelines or codes.  Since ethical challenge can not be predicted and become apparent only retrospectively with research (5.). This requires an ethical action in which researcher actively analyse and are ready to respond to possible ethical hazards rather than relying solely on approvals received be‐ forehand (6.). Munthe and his colleagues (8.) states that current ethical standards are insufficient to be a bulwark against the indirect harm which might occur in the study. Munthe and his colleagues attributed this indirect harm to the way that participants are represented to the research community and the wider society. Moreover, this type of in‐ direct harm is especially salient amongst stigmatized groups, be‐ cause the prejudice against them is so persistent. Even when subjects are presented in an objective way(12.) From this perspective,





Argument 1: Avoiding discrimination and exclusion ( e.g. Reading: Strategies to Promote the Inclusion of Young Adults With Developmental Disabilities in Community-Based Health Studies / Toward Ethical Research Practice With Deaf Participants)



Argument 2 : what is unethical. State that weak population can benefit from the research (dementia study) / “You Can’t be Cold and Scientific”:

Community Views on Ethical Issues in

Intellectual Disability Research


Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
At Custom Writing, we believe in exemplary services that are fully geared toward customer satisfaction. That is why we don’t shy away from giving you the following guarantees;

Money-back guarantee

Trusting us with your work is the best decision you have made, our pleasure lies in seeing you satisfied at 100%. If in the rear chance it happens that you are not satisfied, then know that we will equally not be satisfied. But worry not, our 30 days- Money back guarantee is all you need and that is what we promise you..

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

We utilize profoundly equipped and gifted writers who produce unique papers liberated from any form of plagiarism. To guarantee this, we run all papers finished by our scholars through a Plagiarism checker to ensure uniqueness and originality. In any case, on the off chance that you have vulnerabilities about the originality or falsification of any paper we have finished and conveyed to you, please get in touch with us straight away. We will quickly investigate, and if the paper is seen as counterfeited, we will take suitable actions including but not limited to, revising the paper for free and in extreme cases we will activate the money back guarantee.

Read more

Free-revision policy

We have an obligation deliver great and specially composed assignments. Our revision strategy endeavors to ensure total client satisfaction, comfort, and a genuine feelings of serenity. We make minor updates and corrections to the underlying request as part of our continuous assistance. However, revisions should just incorporate changes and alterations that were not effectively met, in the underlying request and that are inside the rules as per the current request structure..

Read more

Privacy policy

Our client's Data is an Integral part of our business but clearly, we are not in the business of offering our clients' very own data to others. We realize that you care how your online data is utilized and shared, we equally value your trust that we will do so cautiously and sensibly. We Promise to ensure the security of your own data during transmission by utilizing encryption conventions and programming. Likewise assist us with securing your information by not sharing your passwords and usernames.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

In submitting a request with us, you consent to the services we give. We will strive to take the necessary steps to convey a far reaching paper according to your prerequisites. Equally we depend on your cooperation to guarantee that we convey on this order.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages