Complete accounting cycle | Accounting homework help

For the past several years, Jeff Horton has operated a part-time consulting business from his home. As of April 1, 2014, Jeff decided to move to rented quarters and to operate the business, which was to be known as Rosebud Consulting, on a full-time basis. Rosebud Consulting entered into the following transactions during April:

Apr. 1. The following assets were received from Jeff Horton in exchange for capital stock: cash, $20,000; accounts receivable, $14,700; supplies, $3,300; and office equipment, $12,000. There were no liabilities received.

1. Paid three months’ rent on a lease rental contract, $6,000.

2. Paid the premiums on property and casualty insurance policies, $4,200.

4. Received cash from clients as an advance payment for services to be provided and recorded it as unearned fees, $9,400.

5. Purchased additional office equipment on account from Smith Office Supply Co.,$8,000.

6. Received cash from clients on account, $11,700.

10. Paid cash for a newspaper advertisement, $350.

12. Paid Smith Office Supply Co. for part of the debt incurred on April 5, $6,400.

12. Recorded services provided on account for the period April 1–12, $21,900.

14. Paid receptionist for two weeks’ salary, $1,650.

Record the following transactions on Page 2 of the journal.

17. Recorded cash from cash clients for fees earned during the period April 1–16, $6,600.

18. Paid cash for supplies, $725.

20. Recorded services provided on account for the period April 13–20, $16,800.

24. Recorded cash from cash clients for fees earned for the period April 17–24, $4,450.

26. Received cash from clients on account, $26,500.

27. Paid receptionist for two weeks’ salary, $1,650.

29. Paid telephone bill for April, $540.

30. Paid electricity bill for April, $760.

30. Recorded cash from cash clients for fees earned for the period April 25–30, $5,160.

30. Recorded services provided on account for the remainder of April, $2,590.

30. Paid dividends of $18,000.

 

Instructions

1. Journalize each transaction in a two-column journal starting referring to the following chart of accounts in selecting the accounts to be debited and credited.

(Do not insert the account numbers in the journal at this time.)

11 Cash

31 Capital Stock

12 Accounts Receivable

32 Retained Earnings

14 Supplies

33 Dividends

15 Prepaid Rent

41 Fees Earned

16 Prepaid Insurance

51 Salary Expense

18 Office Equipment

52 Supplies Expense

19 Accumulated Depreciation

53 Rent Expense

21 Accounts Payable

54 Depreciation Expense

22 Salaries Payable

55 Insurance Expense

23 Unearned Fees

59 miscellaneous Expense

2. Post the journal to a ledger of four-column accounts.

  1. Prepare an unadjusted trial balance.
  2. At the end of April, the following adjustment data were assembled. Analyze and use these data to complete parts (5) and (6).
  3. Insurance expired during April is $350.
  4. Supplies on hand on April 30 are $1,225.
  1. Depreciation of office equipment for April is $400.
  2. Accrued receptionist salary on April 30 is $275.
  3. Rent expired during April is $2,000.
  4. Unearned fees on April 30 are $2,350.
  5. (Optional.) Enter the unadjusted trial balance on an end-of-period spreadsheet (work sheet) and complete the spreadsheet.
  6. Journalize and post the adjusting entries. Record the adjusting entries of the journal.
  7. Prepare an adjusted trial balance.
  8. Prepare an income statement, a retained earnings statement, and a balance sheet.
  9. Prepare and post the closing entries. Record the closing entries of the journal. (Income Summary is account #34 in the chart of accounts.) Indicate closed accounts by inserting a line in both the Balance columns opposite the closing entry.

Prepare a post-closing trial balance.

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