DE100 – TMA 01

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Part 1: Describe two psychological terms Using your own words, describe what is meant by the terms ‘crystallised intelligence’ and ‘psychometrics’, and provide an example of the use of each term in psychology, drawing on the material presented in Investigating Intelligence. 60 per cent of the mark for this assignment Word limit: 100 words for each description (200 words in total) Part 2: Make sense of data in a table Answer questions, identify patterns and interpret some of the information about data presented in a table. 40 per cent of the mark for this assignment Word limit: 100 words + three multiple-choice questions Part 3: Reflective component Reflect on participation in the collaborative activities forums. Not graded but 5 marks deducted if not completed Word limit: 100 words What to submit for TMA 01: Part 1 A description of two psychological terms and an example of the use of each in psychology (60 per cent of the mark for this TMA). Part 2 Answers to a set of tasks involving making sense of data in a table (40 per cent of the mark for this TMA). Part 3 A short reflection (not graded but 5 marks deducted if not completed). Learning outcomes Each TMA is designed to help you to develop particular skills and knowledge. These are referred to as learning outcomes. As you progress through DE100 and complete the assignments, you will be working towards the following learning outcomes. Knowledge and understanding Define key concepts and describe key theories, studies, methods and debates within psychology. Show awareness of the ways in which psychological knowledge is embedded in the historical, social and cultural context and the way in which it develops through a process of questions, arguments, evidence and evaluation. Cognitive skills Select and interpret key information from a range of sources, and represent it accurately and appropriately. Interpret accurately different forms of data, including descriptive statistics, and recognise the relevance of inferential statistics. Key skills Write using a clear and logical sequence of sentences and paragraphs appropriate for the level of study, subject, purpose and audience. Interpret information from basic tables, graphs, charts and diagrams (ICT and numerical skills). Demonstrate basic skills in the use of ICT, including accessing and searching web pages and using ICT tools appropriate to support distance learning (accessing email, learning from online-based study materials and using the eTMA system). Practical and/or professional skills Plan study sessions to manage a sequence of work that meets a deadline and complies with relevant academic conventions. Reflect on and evaluate own learning, both individually and through discussion with peers, and engage in development planning. Student notes for Part 1 For Part 1 of TMA 01 you are asked to describe two psychological terms and provide an example of the use of each in psychology using no more than 100 words per description. The psychological terms you need to describe are ‘crystallised intelligence’ and ‘psychometrics’. Your task is to use your own words to describe each term and provide an example of its use in psychology. Term 1: crystallised intelligence Process & content words: The process word is ‘describe’. Therefore, you are expected to give a detailed account of the psychological term ‘crystallised intelligence’ and provide an example of its use in psychology. Term 2: psychometrics Process & content words: The process word is ‘describe’. Therefore, you are expected to give a detailed account of the psychological term ‘psychometrics’ and provide an example of its use in psychology. Tips for writing your description of psychological terms Note: On this page you will find tips for this writing task, but before you start to write you should make sure that you have completed the online activities for Part 1 (see previous pages). Even if you have completed these in the relevant weeks, you may want to revisit them as part of your preparation for the TMA. Having worked through the online activities and having identified the process and content words in the TMA question, the next step is to select the material that you will use. This means making sure you understand how these psychological terms have been described in the module materials and making notes to describe them in your own words. Make sure you write in your own words to demonstrate your understanding of the material. Also, make sure that you have identified an example of the term’s use in psychology. Once you have decided what points you want to include, you need to think about how to present that information. Online Activity 2.3: Summarising information in your own words and Online Activity 3.1: Preparing for TMA 01 provide a list of considerations to keep in mind when you are describing terms in your own words: keep some of the same language as the original, such as the key term itself, but the explanation should be in your own words try to change as much of the vocabulary as you can change the sentence structure, not just one or two words select relevant material rather than everything included in the original. Please remember to state the word count at the end of your answer. Please note: References are not needed for this assignment. When marking Part 1 of TMA 01 your tutor will be looking for: evidence of understanding of the relevant material clear and concise writing good paraphrasing skills and evidence of writing in your own words keeping within the word limit of 200 words (100 words per description). Student notes for Part 2 Part 2 of TMA 01 requires you to make sense of data in a table. Before you begin you should make sure that you have completed Online Activity 3.1: Preparing for TMA 01. The activity includes examples of the type of table and questions you will be addressing in Part 2 of this TMA. By completing this activity, you will get some practice with answering questions about data in a table, identifying patterns and interpreting some of the information presented in the table. Even if you have completed this activity previously, you may want to revisit it as part of your preparation for the TMA. Below you will see a description of a fictitious study, and a table of data. You will then be required to answer questions about the data in the table, and interpret some of the information presented in this table. A group of researchers wanted to find out whether listening to music during study would impact upon students’ memory. The researchers were also interested in discovering whether different types of music would have different effects on memory and whether the effects would be sustained over time even after the activity ended. A total of 180 students aged 16–17 took part in the research and were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group 1 studied with an auditory background of silence. Group 2 studied with an auditory background of classical music. Group 3 studied with an auditory background of heavy metal music. Each group participated in one 45-minute study session every school day for one month. The experimental study sessions were all carried out at the same time of day. The researchers measured each student’s memory four times using a standard recognition test: one week before the study sessions began, after one week of the activity, after one month of the activity and six months after the experimental study sessions ended. Activity Average recognition score: one week before activities began Average recognition score: one week after activities began Average recognition score: after one month Average recognition score: six months after the activity ceased Silence 90 92 94 90 Classical music 91 95 108 101 Heavy metal music 91 98 99 91 We recommend that you first spend some time reading the description of the study, so that you understand what the researchers were trying to find out. Next, look at the table and begin by examining the labels for each of the columns and rows until you feel that you understand how the table is organised. Can you see what the table is about? What do the columns and rows represent? To what do the numbers in columns two, three and four refer? Once you understand the table, look for patterns across the data. For example, how similar or different are the average recognition scores for the different groups? Do the scores appear to change according to the different auditory background for each group? What happens to the recognition scores over time? As you are exploring the table, make notes of relevant points and observations. When you have collated your observations, complete the following tasks. Answer Questions 1 and 2 by stating which of the proposed answers correctly describes the information presented in the table. Answer Question 3 by identifying which of the two conclusions presented is a better fit for the data in the table. Then summarise the main reason why you think the data supports that conclusion. Your summary should be no longer than 100 words. Question 1: From looking at the table, can you tell how many times each student’s working memory was measured? Four: before activities began, after one week of activities, after one month of activities and six months after activities ceased. Three: Silence, classical music and heavy metal music. Question 2: The table shows that: On average, all groups showed a similar increase in scores between the first test and the test after one week. On average, and compared to the other activities, the heavy metal auditory background had the biggest impact on scores after one month. On average, the classical and heavy metal groups displayed a larger positive impact on scores after one month in comparison to the silence group. Question 3: Which of the following conclusions do you think is a better fit for the data in the table? The table shows that all three groups’ average scores after one week of the activity were, either the same as, or higher than, their average scores six months after the experimental study sessions ended. The table shows that, for each of the groups, average scores increased after one month of the activity. However, six months after the activity had ceased, a positive impact on average scores was observed only in the classical music group. In the document that you submit for this TMA, for Questions 1 and 2 it is sufficient to simply indicate which answer you think is correct by copying and pasting the relevant (correct) statement into your assignment document. For Question 3 you need to do the same, but then also provide a brief rationale (100 words) for your choice. Please remember to state the word count at the end of your answer for Question 3. When marking Part 2 of TMA 01 your tutor will be looking for: evidence of understanding of the data presented in the table the ability to identify patterns in the data the ability to interpret some of the information presented in the data within the word limit of 100 words. Student notes for Part 3 The final part of TMA 01 consists of a brief reflective exercise. In Online Activity 2.4: Reflective and independent learning you learned about the benefits of reflective learning. As the activity explained, reflection refers to the ability to think about your learning experience, identify problems and challenges and ways of overcoming them, as well as to recognise what works for you. Part 3 of this TMA focuses on this process of reflection. Your task here is to reflect on your use of, and participation in, the collaborative activities forums. You should complete this activity even if you have not yet posted a message to any of the forums. Write a few sentences (no more than 100 words) on the following: What has been your experience of using the collaborative forums? Do you enjoy having an opportunity to swap ideas with other students? If you have not posted to the forums, why is that? Do you have any concerns about posting to any of the forums? How do you think you could make the most of the collaborative forums? What would encourage you to post more often? To answer these questions, you will need to reflect on your use of the collaborative forums over the past few weeks, or if you have not yet used any of them, consider why that is. The collaborative forums have the potential to be a valuable resource for you and the other students in your group, so think carefully about how you can make the most of them. If you have any concerns about using the forums, let your tutor know. State the word count at the end of your answer. Please remember that you will lose 5 marks from your TMA score if you do not submagnit this part of the TMA.

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