Journal entries and analysis

Objectives

  • Develop an ability to identify and assume an assigned role.
  • Identify and rank the importance of explicit issues.
  • Illustrate the importance of hidden (undirected) issues that arise from a detailed analysis.
  • Identify accounting issues (GAAP/IFRS compliance issues), assess their implications, generate alternatives, and provide recommendations within the bounds of GAAP/IFRS to meet the client’s needs.
  • Examine how accounting standards impact financial measures (ratios, covenants, etc.).
  • Prepare a coherent report and integrated analysis that meets specific user needs.

Instructions

In order to complete your case analysis successfully, you should consider

  • identifying the role you are playing,
  • assessing the financial reporting landscape considering the user needs, constraints, and business environment,
  • identifying the issues,
  • analyzing the issues (qualitatively and quantitatively), and
  • providing a recommendation for each issue identified in the case.

An average grade will come from you answering all questions with basic coverage and accuracy, showing all your work. Additional points come from including greater detail, astute and informed commentary where appropriate, and connections to readings and other content.

Respond in a single Word doc (or comparable text editor).

Henrietta’s Pine Bakery

Background

You are an Analyst for the professional service firm, BUSI 1043 LLP. Your firm specializes in providing a wide variety of internal business solutions for different clients. Given the outstanding feedback you received on your first engagement working for Big Spenders Inc., a Senior Manager in the Financial Advisory group requested your support on a compilation engagement.

Additional Information

Henrietta’s was established in 1963 when it first opened its doors in Dwight, Muskoka on highway 60. Over the past 50 years, there have been four owners and is currently owned by Carine & Geoff Harris who incorporated and took over the store on January 1, 2013. Their sons, Kyle and Nicholas have been an intricate part of the business from dishwashing to head bakers. Henrietta’s has grown over the years with the addition of new items all the time, but the “Sticky Buns and Clouds” remain the most popular items amongst the 150 varieties of breads and pastries.

Henrietta’s runs out of 90 square meters (1,000 share feet) of space. It has one entrance into the bakery and doors leading out to highway 60. Henrietta’s pays $5,000 per month for the rental of the space.  Carine and Geoff were able to negotiate with the landlord and were not required to pay the first month’s rend in advance. All of the rental payments are current and up to date. For the last two years, Henrietta’s has had a very reliable accountant prepare its year-end financial statements and everything has been correct. This year, Henrietta’s accountant retired and Geoff did the best he could recording his own financial information. For the information he was not sure about, he kept all of the required supporting documentation. Geoff hired your firm, BUSI 1043 LLP to prepare his financial statements for the year. Geoff supplied you with his unadjusted trial balance and the information in Exhibit I to assist you.

Supplementary Information

  • The amount currently sitting in prepaids arose due the insurance policy last year. Geoff didn’t know how to correct it, so he left it. This year’s insurance policy was purchased on November 1 for $9,000. The policy runs from November 1 to October 31 of each year.
  • Geoff has a note that he owed $900 in wages to his employees for the period ending December 31st.
  • The loan was incurred when the bakery was opened. The loan carried an interest rate of 8%. The interest is payable two months after year end and the principal is due in 2019.
  • Henrietta’s will sometimes book special events with small organizations that are allowed to pay after the event has taken place. On December 29th, a small company had a gathering at the bakery. The company was billed $1,089 and has 30 days to pay it. Geoff has not yet recorded this in his financial records.
  • Henrietta’s declared a dividend of $5,000 on December 30th.
  • Geoff didn’t know how to record amortization for the year and so left it for you to record. Amortization for all assets is charged using a straight-line method by taking the cost of the asset and dividing it by its expected useful life. The assets have expected useful lives as follows:
    • Computer: 5 years
    • Bakery equipment: 10 years
    • Furniture and fixtures: 20 years
  • The information shows that Henrietta’s owes $400 for a telephone bill and $400 for electricity for December. These amounts have not been recorded yet.
  • Exhibit I
  • Henrietta’s Pine Bakery
  • Unadjusted Trial Balance
  • December 31, 2015
Account Name Debit Credit
Cash $35,000  
Accounts Receivable 5,600  
Food Inventory 21,000  
Merchandise Inventory 62,500  
Prepaids 3,400  
Computers 30,000  
Accumulated Amortization – Computers   12,000
Bakery Equipment 90,000  
Accumulated Amortization – Bakery Equipment   18,000
Furniture and Fixtures 150,000  
Accumulated Amortization – Furniture and Fixtures   15,000
Accounts Payable   18,000
Accrued Liabilities  
Interest Payable    
Dividend Payable  
Long-term Loan   220,000
Common Shares   50,000
Retained Earnings   22,000
Food Revenue   468,500
Internet Revenue   127,000
Merchandise Revenue   103,000
Food Expense 240,000  
Internet Expense 54,000  
Electricity Expense 65,000  
Telephone Expense 20,000  
Interest Expense 0  
Salary Expense 200,000  
Insurance Expense 9,000  
Supplies Expense 8,000  
Depreciation Expense  
Rent Expense 60,000  
  1,053,500 1,053,500
  • Based on the information you have prepare the adjusting journal entries, an adjusting trial balance, the statement of earnings (income statement), statement of financial position (balance sheet), and statement of retained earnings. After you have completed the statements, prepare the closing journal entries and the posting closing trial balance. Ensure you show all of your work, and prepare proper journal entries and properly formatted financial statements.
  • Note to students:Issues are hidden within the case. It is your responsibility to read the case facts and identify the critical issues required for discussion and analysis.

 

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