Linking Values to Behavior
To understand where behavior comes from—to understand why people behave the way they do—means learning about values and beliefs. The behavior of people from another culture may seem strange to you, but it probably makes sense to them, and vice versa. The reason any behavior makes sense is simply because it is consistent with what a given person believes in or holds dear. Conversely, when we say that what someone has done “makes no sense,” what we mean is that that action contradicts what we believe that person feels or wants.
In the exercise below, match the value or belief in the column on the left to a behavior in the column on the right.
Centrality of family
Respect for age
Deference to authority
|____ Use of understatement
____ Asking people to call you by your first name.
____ Taking off from work to attend the funeral of an aunt.
____ Not helping the person next to you on an exam.
____ Disagreeing openly with someone at a meeting.
____ Not laying off an older worker whose performance is weak.
____ At a meeting, agreeing with a suggestion you think is wrong.
____ Inviting the teaboy to eat lunch with you in your office.
____ Asking the headmaster’s opinion of something you’re the expert on.
____ Accepting, without question, that something cannot be changed.
FUNDAMENTALS OF CULTURE THE CONCEPT OF THE SELF
Now look at the list of behaviors or characteristics given below. If you decide the statement is more likely to apply to people living in an individualist culture, write “I” in the underlined blank space; if you think it is characteristic of a collectivist culture, write “C.”
Characteristics & Behaviors
People answer the phone by giving the name of the organization. ____
People give cocktail parties. ____
Intergroup rivalry is strong. ____
Employee-of-the-year awards are offered. ____
People adhere to tradition. ____
People are promoted based on production and results. ____
Contracts in business are used frequently. ____
There is a need for autonomy. ____
People change jobs frequently. ____
People believe that conflict clears the air. ____
There is a need for affiliation. ____
Short-term relationships are common. ____
It’s okay to stand out. ____
Face saving is important. ____
It’s common for mothers to ask their preschoolers what they want to wear today. ____
Self-help books are popular. ____
Decisions are made by consensus. ____
The language has one word for mother’s brother, another for father’s brother. ____
Marriages are arranged. ____
People have potluck dinners. ____
As you read the statements that follow, put an “H” in the underlined space preceding those you think relate to high uncertainty avoidance and an “L” where you think low uncertainty avoidance applies.
CHARACTERISTICS & BEHAVIORS
____ Punctuality is highly valued.
____ People should keep emotions under control.
____ Different is dangerous.
____ People change jobs with more frequency.
____ People expect more formality in interactions.
____ People more readily accept dissent.
____ Take things one day at a time.
____ People should let their emotions out.
____ The chain of command should never be bypassed.
____ Conflict in organizations is natural, nothing to be afraid of.
____ People believe less in common sense.
____ Conflict in organizations should be eliminated.
____ Differences are curious.
____ People change jobs infrequently.
____ A general sense of anxiety prevails.
____ A general sense of well-being prevails.
____ People accept authority more readily; authority is comforting.
____ People accept authority less readily; authority is limiting.
____ Rules should not be broken.
____ Rules can be broken if it makes sense, for pragmatic reasons.
____ Risks should be avoided.
____ Risks are opportunities.
In the underlined space before each of the statements below, put an “H” if you think it reflects an attitude of high power distance, or an “L” if low power distance is more likely:
CHARACTERISTICS & BEHAVIORS
____ People are less likely to question the boss.
____ Elitism is the norm.
____ Students question teachers.
____ Freedom of thought is encouraged.
____ Those in power have special privileges.
____ The chain of command is mainly for convenience.
____ There are greater wage differences between managers and subordinates.
____ Workers prefer precise instructions from superiors.
____ Interaction between boss and subordinate is more informal.
____ Subordinates and bosses are interdependent.
____ Bosses are independent; subordinates are dependent. Power must be exercised
____ Freedom of thought could get you into trouble. more openly in some cultures than in others.
____ It’s okay to question the boss.
____ Less social mobility is the norm.
____ The chain of command is sacred.
____ The pecking order is clearly established.
____ Management style is authoritarian and paternalistic.
____ Management style is consultative and democratic.
____ Interaction between boss and subordinate is formal.
Assessing High and Low Context Communication
Below are 32 statements regarding how you feel about communicating in different ways. In the blank to the left of each item, indicate the degree to which you agree or disagree with each statement. If you are unsure or think that an item does not apply to you, enter a 5 in the blank. Use the following key:
Strongly disagree 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Strongly Agree
Scoring: Reverse the score for items 4, 6, 7, 10, 16, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 31, 32. If your original score was 1, then reverse it to a 9; if your original score was 2, reverse it to an 8 etc. After reversing the score for those 14 items, simply add the items. Lower scores indicate low context communication. Higher scores indicate high context communication
We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
At Custom Writing, we believe in exemplary services that are fully geared toward customer satisfaction. That is why we don’t shy away from giving you the following guarantees;
Trusting us with your work is the best decision you have made, our pleasure lies in seeing you satisfied at 100%. If in the rear chance it happens that you are not satisfied, then know that we will equally not be satisfied. But worry not, our 30 days- Money back guarantee is all you need and that is what we promise you..Read more
We utilize profoundly equipped and gifted writers who produce unique papers liberated from any form of plagiarism. To guarantee this, we run all papers finished by our scholars through a Plagiarism checker to ensure uniqueness and originality. In any case, on the off chance that you have vulnerabilities about the originality or falsification of any paper we have finished and conveyed to you, please get in touch with us straight away. We will quickly investigate, and if the paper is seen as counterfeited, we will take suitable actions including but not limited to, revising the paper for free and in extreme cases we will activate the money back guarantee.Read more
We have an obligation deliver great and specially composed assignments. Our revision strategy endeavors to ensure total client satisfaction, comfort, and a genuine feelings of serenity. We make minor updates and corrections to the underlying request as part of our continuous assistance. However, revisions should just incorporate changes and alterations that were not effectively met, in the underlying request and that are inside the rules as per the current request structure..Read more
Our client's Data is an Integral part of our business but clearly, we are not in the business of offering our clients' very own data to others. We realize that you care how your online data is utilized and shared, we equally value your trust that we will do so cautiously and sensibly. We Promise to ensure the security of your own data during transmission by utilizing encryption conventions and programming. Likewise assist us with securing your information by not sharing your passwords and usernames.Read more
In submitting a request with us, you consent to the services we give. We will strive to take the necessary steps to convey a far reaching paper according to your prerequisites. Equally we depend on your cooperation to guarantee that we convey on this order.Read more